Идеальный ui фреймворк

Foundation v6.5.0 (2018-10-30)

It’s happening! Foundation 6.5.0 is out now and is ready for production use! This release is based on and simply provides additional fixes in the documentation and an improved test flow.


As this version was built to have the best compatibility with , we used a dedicated branch and manually picked safe changes from the development branch , excluding API evolutions and breaking changes. These imported changes are the commits you can see in this pull request. Development will continue on and will lead to a future release with all changes, including new features and breaking changes.

Changes from v6.5.0-rc.4

  • — Fix plugins instantiation examples in Javascript docs (@ncoden)
  • — Fix «Converts» misspelling in docs (@joshwhatk)
  • — Make Callout closable in the first Close Button example (@ncoden)
  • — Run Sass unit tests in the Travis CI flow (@ncoden)
  • — Run tests on Node 6, 8, 10 and stable (@DanielRuf)
  • — Update dependencies (2018-10-24) (@ncoden)

Foundation v6.5.1 (2018-11-15)

This version fixes the distribution files for the JavaScript plugins that were generated for the wrong version (ongoing v6.6.0 instead of released v6.5.0) and provide various bug fixes and documentation updates.

Changes from v6.5.0

  • — Ensure Dropdown label to have an ID for a11y (@ncoden, )
  • — Cleanup «is-active» class in AccordionMenu when closed (@ncoden, )
  • — Fix arrow color in clear dropdown Button (@ncoden, )
  • — Cleanup an invalid beacon in Grid docs (@xeptore)
  • — Add missing doc for the «$print-hrefs» setting (@ncoden)
  • Reimport incorrectly imported patch for (16b8e38, previously 55e60ee).
  • Regenerate JavaScript plugins distribution files to reflect the new version.

Какой фреймворк выбрать

Изменение стандартного оформления во фреймворке занимает достаточно много времени. Поэтому лучше сразу выбрать более подходящий, чтобы потом не пришлось менять предустановленное оформление.

Я расскажу о тех решениях, с которыми знаком и которые мне приглянулись.

Bootstrap

Один из самых используемых фреймворков. Построен по принципу mobile-first, то есть хорошо выглядит на мобильных телефонах.

В этот фреймворк входит сетка из двенадцати колонок, шрифты, формы, кнопки, JS-скрипты. Их оформление уже прописано в CSS-классах, поэтому достаточно только подключить стили и сделать разметку.

Верстать сайт с помощью Бутстрап способны даже начинающие разработчики. Можно быстро создать прототип и макет с необходимой функциональностью в HTML. Правда, в стандартном оформлении сайты выглядят одинаково, но стили для классов можно изменить со временем.

Bootstrap хорошо работает на разных устройствах и отображается в современных браузерах.

Страница блога, созданная с помощью Bootstrap

Полная сборка Bootstrap содержит описания множества стилей для веб-элементов, шрифтов, сетки. Если еще неизвестно, каким будет сайт, лучше пользоваться полной сборкой.

Если нужны какие-то определенные элементы оформления, например, сетка, то на сайте можно скомпилировать собственную сборку. Просто выбрать нужные элементы, а остальное удалить. Благодаря этому можно сократить вес фреймворка и увеличить скорость загрузки сайта.

С сайта можно скачать две версии фреймворка: Bootstrap 3 или 4. Третья версия самая распространенная. Но я советую сразу разбираться с четвертой, так как в неё добавлены новые классы, структура и интересные фишки.

Сайт: GetBootstrap.

Skeleton

Небольшой фреймворк, включающий в себя всего лишь два файла: normalize.css — общий файл для сброса стилей, и skeleton.css со стилями. Стилей немного, это 12-колоночная сетка и основные CSS-правила — типографика, кнопки, формы. Так же, как и в Bootstrap, в Skeleton используется подход mobile-first.

Skeleton — простой и легкий, мне он понравился даже больше, чем Bootstrap.

Если нужно быстро сверстать страницу и не путаться в элементах, то советую Skeleton: GetSkeleton.

Milligram

Легкий фреймворк, похожий на предыдущий. Чистый код, минимальное оформление — удобный для начинающих разработчиков. Используются основные компоненты — типографика, кнопки, цитаты. Сетка в Milligram отличается от других, потому что строится на флексбоксах — особых контейнерах, которые выстраиваются в строку или столбик, а пространство между ними заполняется разными способами.

Посмотреть и изучить: Milligram.

Semantic UI

Позволяет быстро верстать красивые сайты и обладает полностью адаптивным дизайном. Все элементы Semantic UI хорошо подобраны и выглядят превосходно: красивая анимация, формы, селекторы.

Элементы Semantic UI

Полная версия много весит, поэтому ненужные функции нужно будет удалить. В освоении этот фреймворк сложнее, чем Bootstrap, но стоит того, чтобы с ним познакомиться. Если Bootstrap предлагает базовые элементы, то в Semantic UI уже есть законченные блоки с продуманным дизайном, которые сразу можно использовать для верстки страницы.

Сайт фреймворка: Semantic-UI.

Foundation Zurb

Один из популярных фреймворков. Так же, как и Bootstrap, Foundation — это набор компонентов, с помощью которых собирается готовый сайт. Фреймворк также построен по концепции mobile-first, обладает 12-колоночной сеткой и подстраивается под размер экрана. Интересные стили и кнопки, ограничений в стилизации почти нет. На сайте приведены примеры готового кода, примеры основных элементов и шаблоны сайтов, которые можно переделать. На сайте можно сделать сборку Foundation с теми элементами, которые нужны, удалив лишние. Это сократит вес и уменьшит время загрузки.

Сайт Барака Обамы использует Foundation Zurb

Чтобы оживить страницу, которую верстаете, можно использовать дополнительную библиотеку с переходами и анимацией — Motion UI.

Foundation — сложный в освоении, поэтому новичкам в верстке не подойдет.


Скачать фреймворк и посмотреть документацию можно на сайте ZurbFoundation.

Typescale

Adjust font-size by overriding an element’s default size. This can be useful to size a or through using Foundation’s existing header sizes.

Especially useful because: It’s important to avoid skipping heading levels when structuring your document, as it confuses screen readers. For example, after using an in your code, the next heading used should be either or . If you need a heading to look bigger or smaller to match a specific style, use CSS to override the default size.

For headers:

For text:

Lorem Ipsum Dolor

Lorem Ipsum Dolor

Lorem Ipsum Dolor

Lorem Ipsum Dolor

Lorem Ipsum Dolor

Lorem Ipsum Dolor

Cross Browser Compatibility Of CSS Frameworks

Cross Browser compatibility is a headache for web developers to face every day. With such an overwhelming advancement in browser development, the need to develop a web page that delivers a uniform cross browser experience is increasing day by day.

Gone are those days when everyone was on Safari and Internet Explorer. Many other browsers have taken the internet by storm like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, and they are loved more than the Internet Explorer if we refer to browser market share. Millions of people prefer different browser and every browser company focuses on being different. This is what helps it to be liked by the people. This has increased the headache that comes from cross browser compatibility.

CSS Frameworks lifts this burden for you. A framework is not coded for a single browser. If it is, how do you think it will get popular? It won’t. A framework developer already knows that it will be used by millions of people who will be sitting on which browser, nobody knows. Hence, the frameworks are neutral and resolve the cross browser compatibility issues. You can just focus on the designing and creative parts of the website while using the framework.

Keep in mind though, that irrespective of which CSS framework you use and no matter how much cross browser compatible it may be. It is always recommended to perform an End-to-End integration testing of your web application across different browsers. The process is termed as cross browser testing and you can perform it over 2000+ real browsers in real-time with LambdaTest, an online cross browser testing tool. You can even execute Selenium automation testing using our online Selenium Grid.

A drawback of CSS Grid Layout

Development: CSS Grids is yet to be developed in a way frameworks are developed. This is because grids are fairly new and many projects had started before grids came into the picture. This means if you are working on that project (in a company or open-source), you are bound to be inclined towards the frameworks. If you know something well enough, you will definitely try to implement that thing. Starting to use CSS Grids above Frameworks without knowing about it completely is rare. But again, grids are gaining popularity among the new projects. It has been some time since the grid is in the market and is used exhaustively. It is still the start for grids if I compare to the grandeur of frameworks but soon it will be a more focussed topic for the development.

As I said, CSS Grid and CSS Framework are two very important aspects of CSS. While some are sure that they will use CSS Framework, some are sure about CSS Grids. There are also people who decide according to the need about what they will be proceeding towards. Since we saw some benefits of grids, let’s see how beneficial is CSS frameworks.

Honorable mentions

React Material Bootstrap

Material Design for Bootstrap (MDB) is a free, powerful Material Design UI KIT for Bootstrap 4. It is one of the most comprehensive material design frameworks that was created to date. It is available for different frameworks or libraries like ReactJS, Vue.js, jQuery and Angular. The React Version of Material Bootstrap is based on the latest Bootstrap 4 and React 15.6.1, which means absolutely no jQuery. With more than 400+ material UI elements, 600+ material icons, 74 CSS animations, SASS files and many more components, the React version of the widely known Material Bootstrap will be sure in the list of options of UI to implement in your new projects.

Shards React

If you worked with plain jQuery and Bootstrap from the beginning as a web developer, you surely know Shards, the beautiful & modern Bootstrap 4 UI kit packed with extra templates and components. The React version of Shards is featuring the same modern design system that makes Shards special so you can impress your users with smooth micro-interactions and a beautiful overall user experience. Shards React provides support for the Material and Fontawesome icon packs. It also comes packed with all the custom components available in Shards, including datepickers, range sliders, toggle inputs and more.

Shards React is open source on GitHub and available as an NPM package. However, you can also download it here and access the original core files so you can get your hands dirty and extend the kit to fit your own needs.

If you know another awesome open source UI Framework for ReactJS, please share it with the community in the comment box.

React Semantic UI

Semantic UI React is the official React integration for Semantic UI. Semantic UI treats words and classes as exchangeable concepts. Classes use syntax from natural languages like noun/modifier relationships, word order, and plurality to link concepts intuitively. Semantic uses simple phrases called behaviors that trigger functionality. Any arbitrary decision in a component is included as a setting that developers can modify. It comes equipped with an intuitive inheritance system and high level theming variables that let you have complete design freedom. It is totally jQuery free and uses an easy to follow declarative API.

Design Framework Best Practices

Constantly Test the Design Framework

Testing should be included in any design or development process. Avoid errors and missing components by creating small design pieces and “stress-testing” them. For example, check whether changing a component created at the beginning also changes a recently added component.

Create Simple UI Components

Keep components simple while thinking ahead to as many design use cases as possible, so in the future, any style can be covered. It’s best to create UI components with simple shapes, keeping them flexible enough to adjust easily to any project.

Don’t Focus on a Single Style

A design framework should be universal, so instead of focusing on a specific style, focus on components that can be used to create a style.

UIkit

(Image credit: UIkit)

UIkit is another popular frontend framework and maybe a little under-appreciated in terms of CSS features. In addition to many features similar to those found in other popular frameworks, there are a few useful specialised components.

First of all, if you’re still not very comfortable with flexbox, you can do complex flexbox-based layouts with UIkit using plain HTML. It might seem strange at first to use flexbox syntax in your HTML classes but this saves you from having to know all the quirks about flex wrapping, columns/rows, flex grow and so forth. Here’s an example:


UIkit includes dozens of components that offer attractive styles out-of-the-box. Many of the features are specialised utility classes, including the following:

  • .uk-align-left, .uk-align-right and .uk-align-center for aligning or floating elements
  • .uk-column-1-2 up to .uk-column-1-6 for multi-column, magazine-style text layouts
  • .uk-radio, .uk-checkbox and similar for attractive form inputs
  • Various margin and padding utility classes (.uk-margin-top, .uk-padding-small etc.)
  • Various utility classes to relatively position an element inside a container (.uk-position-top, .uk-position-left etc.)

Why Bootstrap When We Have Grid?

The biggest complaint about Bootstrap has always been code bloat. The reasoning was that it included lots of extra CSS code that remained unused in your projects. The second biggest complaint was that Bootstrap components were styled in every detail and this could present some problems when it came to overriding some CSS rules.

Starting with the latest version of this popular front-end component library, both criticisms fall to pieces: Bootstrap is totally modular, so you just include what you need. Also, the Sass files are structured in such a way as to make it very convenient to customize the original styles to your needs.

Today, the main reason against using Bootstrap is the fact that with CSS Grid, CSS has a grid system of its own, which doesn’t have any external dependencies, and which, once learned, enables developers to build all sorts of layouts with relative ease.

Although I’m a CSS Grid fan, I think Bootstrap has still its place in front-end development and will have for some time to come.

Here are at least three reasons why.

Bootstrap Is More Than Its Grid System

It’s true, the #1 reason to use Bootstrap is the handy grid system, which makes it a breeze to build responsive web pages. However, Bootstrap has some great components like the versatile new card component, which you can use to display all types of content, such as text, images and videos, and the responsive navbar, which works out of the box. You can also pick a ready-made color scheme of your liking for most components.

And what about the functionality of a good many of these components? With Bootstrap, adding dynamic tooltips, carousels, or dropdown buttons is just a matter of writing the appropriate markup. If JavaScript is not your forte, you can still take advantage of these components without writing a line of JavaScript.

Also, if you’re not a CSS wizard, you can still leverage the power of Bootstrap in your web design while you’re learning the tricks of the trade.

Bootstrap Is a Great Prototyping Tool

Sometimes you just need to a working prototype for a client. Bootstrap lets you do this in no time and with very little to no custom code. This doesn’t only hold for the grid system, but also for all the ready-made components it has to offer.

Just add a little markup and your prototype will boast a sleek responsive navigation bar or a fancy alert box.

Working on Older Websites Built With Bootstrap

One common task for developers is to work on existing websites coded by other developers. There’s no denying the fact that a huge number of websites rely on Bootstrap for their front end. Knowing how to work with the framework will come very handy if it’s up to you to refactor and maintain the codebase. It’s not by chance that still lots of job postings have Bootstrap in their list of desired skills.

Do I need a CSS framework?

It’s not uncommon to hear people bash CSS. With its focus on the cascade, global styling and the idiosyncrasies of its layouts, it has attracted its fair share of ire from frustrated developers. For these people, CSS frameworks and libraries that modify vanilla code to make it more intuitive are an absolute godsend. Meanwhile, for some CSS purists, frameworks simply add a layer of abstraction to something that needs no adornment.

Neither side is right or wrong. There’s great value in understanding the core language (especially some of the new features like flexbox and Grid Layout) but there’s also great value in being able to build something quickly that’s scalable and maintainable. That’s where CSS frameworks and libraries can help.

It might be that you love writing your CSS from scratch. But with easy-to-use, flexible and adaptable frameworks and libraries like the ones discussed in this feature, you can build interactive and maintainable UIs for your app in little time.

We’d always encourage developers to keep learning and writing vanilla CSS. There’s no substitute for that. But if you need to build or prototype a new layout or design on a tight deadline, using one of the best CSS frameworks can be a huge productivity booster.

This article was originally published in net, the world’s best-selling magazine for web designers and developers. Buy issue 321 or subscribe.

Read more:

  • 5 pro Sass tips for better CSS
  • Create animated CSS art
  • How to design with CSS shapes: An introduction

Conclusion

To conclude, Bootstrap is not going away any time soon. The latest release comes with huge improvements over the previous versions, from the clever use of Sass mixins and maps for easy customization to the introduction of new components, utility classes, and an ever more modular architecture.

Add to this great documentation and ease of use, and Bootstrap is still a mighty contender in the front-end ecosystem.

What do you think? Is your next project going to be built with Bootstrap or CSS Grid?

If you’ve heard about Bootstrap but have been putting off learning it because it seems too complicated, then play through our Introduction to Bootstrap 4 course for a quick and fun introduction to the power of Bootstrap.

Print Styles

Foundation includes print styles developed by HTML5 Boilerplate to give you some basic print-specific styles. These are activated when you print through a media query. It includes:

  • Clearing out backgrounds, box shadows and text shadows
  • Appending link URLs after the anchor text
  • Adding borders to and elements
  • Page cleanup and window minimization

On top of that, Foundation includes a couple of simple classes you can use to control elements printing, or not printing. Simply attach to an element to only show when printing, and to hide something when printing.

Print styles use to ensure they aren’t overridden by more specific selectors. This framework conscientiously avoids using declarations. This is one of the few components that does.

Create Your Own Design Framework

On your next project, take the time in the beginning to thoughtfully construct a design framework. You’ll find it improves the overall design process, increases efficiency, and enhances the product’s design consistency, which improves usability. You’ll save time, communicate design ideas more effectively, and make clients and stakeholders happy when those ideas are brought to life in just a few seconds on a 120 Sketch artboards.

Inspiring Design Systems and UI Frameworks

One of the best ways to understand more about design frameworks is to examine how large, established companies use them. Follow these types of companies and learn about their approach.


Google’s Material Design – currently one of the most popular design frameworks in the world. Learn how Google layers the whole design process and constructs a useful hierarchy of components.

IBM’s Design Language – IBM shares their entire design process including a deep explanation of every detail. They also share plenty of resources from their design language, from simple icons to a UI animation library.

Atlassian – another great learning resource. Their product style guide is a great design system to study. They share their Web GUI pack, a Sketch file with tons of components and concepts.

• • •

Foundation v6.5.2 (2019-01-23)

This version provides various bug fixes and improvements for Foundation 6.5, updates the documentation and improves the test workflow.

Changes from v6.5.1

Fixes and improvements

  • — Fix an issue with Triggers utility when the plugin name is an object (@DanielRuf)
  • — Import used Touch utility in Dropdown and Reveal (@ncoden, )
  • — Fix Accordion bouncing with active submenus on initialization (@pascalknecht)
  • — Fix SmoothScroll ignoring the passed options (@ben-z, )
  • — Prevent the XY Grid container to override top/bottom margins (@HarwinBorger, )
  • — Update CodePen test case templates to Foundation v6.5.1 (@ncoden)
  • — Add availability of features in the XY Grid doc (X/Y only or both) (@ncoden, )
  • — Remove warning for abandoned deprecations in SCSS utilities (@ncoden, )
  • — Update license and copyright notices to 2019 (@benhc123)
  • — Revert to labelling Foundation as «with side effects» (@ncoden, )
  • — Fix names of modules for AMD/CommonJs (@ncoden, )

Internal

  • ️ — Remove duplicate CSS properties in Grid examples (@DanielRuf)
  • ️ — Remove unused background CSS properties in doc (@DanielRuf)
  • ️ — Remove duplicate CSS properties in Progress bar (@DanielRuf)
  • ️ — Remove duplicate CSS properties in Drilldown (@DanielRuf)
  • ️ — Remove duplicate code in Nest utilities (@DanielRuf)
  • — Run tests on Linux, macOS and Windows (@DanielRuf)
  • — Run tests on latest Node.js version (@DanielRuf)

Описание и примеры¶

Пример 1

Пример выше создаст сетку из 4 колонок и 3 строк. Вся верхняя строка будет состоять из области . Строка по середине будет состоять из области , занимающей две колонки, пустой ячейки и области , которая занимает одну колонку. Последняя строка будет состоять только из области .

У каждой строки должно быть одинаковое количество ячеек. Вы можете использовать любое количество примыкающих точек для объявления пустых ячеек. Пока между точками нет пробелов, они представляют одну ячейку.

Обратите внимание на то, что вы никак не называете линии, только области. Когда вы используете такой синтаксис, линии на обоих концах областей будут именоваться автоматически

Если ваша область называется , то название первых линий для строк и столбцов будет , а название для последних линий строк и столбцов будет . Это означает, что у некоторых линий может быть несколько имён, как нашем случае, у самой левой линии будет три названия: , , и .

Пример 2

В этом примере мы разместили один блочный grid-контейнер, внутри которого мы разместили четыре элемента . С помощью свойства мы указываем четыре значения, которые определяют, что мы размещаем четыре столбца (дорожки), используя допустимое значение в процентах. С помощью свойства мы указываем четыре значения, которые определяют, что мы размещаем четыре строки, используя допустимое значение в пикселях.

Для элементов с классом , , и с помощью свойства задаем собственное имя элемента.

После этого с помощью свойства определяем шаблон макета сетки, ссылаясь при этом на имена областей элементов, которые мы создали с помощью свойства :

В первой строке все столбцы занимает элемент с именем . Во второй и третьей строке элемент с именем занимает первый столбец, второй и третий столбец занимает элемент с именем , четвертые столбцы мы оставили пустыми

Обратите внимание, что необходимо в этом случае вместо имени указывать точку, в результате чего получим пустой элемент, а не ошибку в верстке. В четвертой строке все столбцы занимает элемент с именем .. Обратите внимание на то, что при описании шаблона с помощью свойства мы каждую строку с областями помещаем в кавычки

Обратите внимание на то, что при описании шаблона с помощью свойства мы каждую строку с областями помещаем в кавычки. Результат примера:

Результат примера:

Blueprint

Blueprint is a collection of React UI components that cover the majority of the common interface elements, patterns, and interactions on the web. Using Blueprint ensures that you’ll end up with an elegant and easy-to-use UI, freeing you to focus on building your product—not the atomic pieces that comprise it. Increment your productivity with a set of high quality generic components that you can use out of the box and an universal design concepts and modifiers are applicable across components. Blueprint was designed from the ground up for desktop applications so it has not been tested thoroughly on mobile web browsers (iPad works ok).

Why do front-end developer need a CSS framework?

CSS frameworks have their downsides. So you need to understand whether you need one or not. Here are a few strong arguments for using the frameworks:

To build a website/web application faster

You can save time by having a solid foundation that you can rely on. CSS frameworks give web developers something that they can use and customize (if required).

And for those who have limited coding skills, using a CSS framework is the only way to create a solid product.

To validate the design hypothesis

You can build a solution and test it with your users. It is much faster and easier to create a prototype or wireframe with a framework rather than do it from scratch.

PS:Designers can also create prototypes/wireframes using a rapid prototyping tool.

You can find a CSS framework for your specific needs

There are a lot of great frameworks you can choose from. Sometimes people give up using a CSS framework because they couldn’t find a suitable option. If you struggle to find a framework for your specific needs, then you should check our list of 15 CSS frameworks.

When Should You Use CSS Frameworks?

If you are a beginner in front end web development and haven’t yet mastered CSS then using a CSS framework is the right fit for you. Frameworks like Bootstrap are super easy to master and can create complete web page layouts within seconds without the need of writing any CSS code. Offering unprecedented ease of use, lightning-fast deployment, close to 100% cross browser support, standardization of the codebase and easy learning curve makes CSS frameworks an attractive choice for you. If your aim to build standard cross browser compatible layouts at a lightning fast-pace rather than complex cutting edge layouts, you should pick CSS frameworks over the CSS grid.

Moreover, CSS frameworks like Materialize or Bootstrap are much more than Grid systems, In fact, grids are just a tiny feature of a CSS framework. If you want to build different UI components like navbar, carousel, sliders, cards, accordions, tabs, pop-ups, modals, buttons, etc at lightning pace with a minimum CSS styling then you should be using CSS frameworks.

Now, that we have a good understanding of what a CSS Framework is! It is time to dwell on a CSS Grid layout.


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