Простой подход к работе с отзывчивыми изображениями

What are the srcset, sizes, and media attributes?

The , , and attributes allow the and elements to be extended by offering the browser additional information, such as different image sources as well as different display sizes and media conditions. This offers browsers the ability to display a specific image when a rule is met.


The attribute allows image sources to be defined. This can be done by defining the absolute or relative path to the images and optionally the pixel density descriptors (e.g. , , and ). This attribute can be used in the and elements.

Both the and attributes are nearly identical. Both allow different display sizes to be defined through various media conditions. However, the attribute allows an image size to defined either alone or in relation to a media condition. The attribute can be used in the and elements, whereas the attribute can be used in the element but not the element.

In all cases the element needs to be a direct child of the element.

srcset-loader options

is the main feature of the srcset-loader, you use this option to specify the different image sizes you wish to import.

You can either specify the different sizes as a standard array () or using the less verbose, srcset-specific, syntax ()

The sizes values must follow the format (where w stands for width), or the string (not resized). is not a supported format.

This will remove any property that can be computed at runtime in order to reduce the size of the bundle.

will generate and inline a tiny placeholder which you can display while the full-sized image loads.

You can specify the size of the placeholder as the value of the option (e.g. ). By default, the size is 20px (width).

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Почему мы говорим об этом?

Подавляющее большинство отзывчивых изображений используются не в «художественных целях». Для художественного оформления отлично подойдёт и . В большинстве случаев отзывчивые изображения будут использоваться так: «У меня есть несколько версий этой картинки. Вот они — выберите нужную».

Это очень запутанная тема. О ней нужно думать и писать, чтобы идея отзывчивых изображений укоренилась в умах фронтенд-разработчиков.

Тим Евко создал WordPress-плагин для отзывчивых изображений. Он использует возможности WordPress для создания уменьшенных версий изображений. При щелчке по нужному изображению выводится код для вставки отзывчивого изображения. На данный момент плагин использует , потому что фронтенд-разработчики используют его чаще, чем . Тим Евко в данном материале пытается разобраться, как он может улучшить свой плагин.

Menus

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Menus

Icon BarMenu IconAccordionTabsVertical TabsTab HeadersFull Page TabsHover TabsTop NavigationResponsive TopnavNavbar with IconsSearch MenuSearch BarFixed SidebarSide NavigationResponsive SidebarFullscreen NavigationOff-Canvas MenuHover Sidenav ButtonsSidebar with IconsHorizontal Scroll MenuVertical MenuBottom NavigationResponsive Bottom NavBottom Border Nav LinksRight Aligned Menu LinksCentered Menu LinkEqual Width Menu LinksFixed MenuSlide Down Bar on ScrollHide Navbar on ScrollShrink Navbar on ScrollSticky NavbarNavbar on ImageHover DropdownsClick DropdownsDropdown in TopnavDropdown in SidenavResp Navbar DropdownSubnavigation MenuDropupMega MenuMobile MenuCurtain MenuCollapsed SidebarCollapsed SidepanelPaginationBreadcrumbsButton GroupVertical Button GroupSticky Social BarPill NavigationResponsive Header

Bootstrap

Another popular CSS framework is Bootstrap. Bootstrap uses HTML, CSS and jQuery to make responsive web pages.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang=»en»><head><title>Bootstrap Example</title><meta charset=»utf-8″><meta name=»viewport» content=»width=device-width, initial-scale=1″><link rel=»stylesheet» href=»https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css»> <script src=»https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.5.1/jquery.min.js»></script> <script src=»https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js»></script> </head><body><div class=»container»>  <div class=»jumbotron»>    <h1>My First Bootstrap Page</h1>  </div>  <div class=»row»>    <div class=»col-sm-4″>      …    </div>    <div class=»col-sm-4″>      …    </div>    <div class=»col-sm-4″>    …    </div>  </div></div></body></html>

To learn more about Bootstrap, go to our Bootstrap Tutorial.

Menus

Icon BarMenu IconAccordionTabsVertical TabsTab HeadersFull Page TabsHover TabsTop NavigationResponsive TopnavNavbar with IconsSearch MenuSearch BarFixed SidebarSide NavigationResponsive SidebarFullscreen NavigationOff-Canvas MenuHover Sidenav ButtonsSidebar with IconsHorizontal Scroll MenuVertical MenuBottom NavigationResponsive Bottom NavBottom Border Nav LinksRight Aligned Menu LinksCentered Menu LinkEqual Width Menu LinksFixed MenuSlide Down Bar on ScrollHide Navbar on ScrollShrink Navbar on ScrollSticky NavbarNavbar on ImageHover DropdownsClick DropdownsDropdown in TopnavDropdown in SidenavResp Navbar DropdownSubnavigation MenuDropupMega MenuMobile MenuCurtain MenuCollapsed SidebarCollapsed SidepanelPaginationBreadcrumbsButton GroupVertical Button GroupSticky Social BarPill NavigationResponsive Header

Responsive Images

Responsive images are images that scale nicely to fit any browser size.

If the CSS property is set to 100%, the image will be responsive and scale up and down:

Example

<img src=»img_girl.jpg» style=»width:100%;»>

Notice that in the example above, the image can be scaled up to be larger than its original size. A better solution, in many cases, will be to use the property instead.

Using the max-width Property

If the property is set to 100%, the image will scale down if it has to, but never scale up to be larger than its original size:

Example


<img src=»img_girl.jpg» style=»max-width:100%;height:auto;»>

Show Different Images Depending on Browser Width

The HTML element allows you to define different images for different browser window sizes.

Resize the browser window to see how the image below change depending on the width:

Example

<picture>  <source srcset=»img_smallflower.jpg» media=»(max-width: 600px)»>  <source srcset=»img_flowers.jpg» media=»(max-width: 1500px)»>  <source srcset=»flowers.jpg»>  <img src=»img_smallflower.jpg» alt=»Flowers»></picture>

Images

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Menus

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What is a Responsive Image?

In simple terms, a responsive image is an image which is displayed in its best form on a web page, depending on the device your website is being viewed from. The term ‘best form’ could mean multiple things:

  • You want to show a separate image asset based on the user’s physical screen size. For example: you want to show a separate image asset on a 13.5 inch laptop and a 5 inch mobile phone (on a maximized browser).
  • You want to show a separate image based on the resolution of the device (or, the device-pixel ratio, which is the ratio of device pixel and CSS pixel).
  • You want to show an image in a specified image format (JPEG XR, for example) if the browser supports it, probably because of the higher compression that format supports.

The building blocks for responsive are included in most modern browsers including Microsoft Edge (starting Windows Insider Build 10547). You can view the Web Platform status of features like here.

How To Place Images Side by Side

Step 1) Add HTML:

Example

<div class=»row»>  <div class=»column»>    <img src=»img_snow.jpg» alt=»Snow» style=»width:100%»>  </div>  <div class=»column»>    <img src=»img_forest.jpg» alt=»Forest» style=»width:100%»>  </div>  <div class=»column»>    <img src=»img_mountains.jpg» alt=»Mountains» style=»width:100%»>  </div></div>

Step 2) Add CSS:

How to create side-by-side images with the CSS property:

Float Example

/* Three image containers (use 25% for four, and 50% for two, etc) */ .column {  float: left;  width: 33.33%;  padding: 5px;}/* Clear floats after image containers */.row::after {  content: «»;  clear: both;  display: table;}

How to create side-by-side images with the CSS property:

Flexbox Example

.row {  display: flex;}.column {  flex: 33.33%;  padding: 5px;}

Note: Flexbox is not supported in Internet Explorer 10 and earlier versions. It is up to you if you want to use floats or flex to create a three-column layout. However, if you need support for IE10 and down, you should use float.

Tip: To learn more about the Flexible Box Layout Module, read our CSS Flexbox chapter.

Браузеры со временем станут умнее

Уже существует множество плюсов при использовании , к тому же со временем всё станет ещё лучше. Думайте о как о подсказке или просто дополнительной информации, которая поможет браузеру выбрать изображение. В идеале он сможет делать то, что считает нужным, например, выбирать изображения, основываясь на предпочтениях пользователя, или управлять потреблением трафика.

При использовании с явными источниками браузер делает так, как вы ему скажете, а не принимает решения сам. Конечно, можно заставить действовать так же, как и , но получится более громоздко и не будет пространства для дальнейшего улучшения.

Menus

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WebP format

Lastly, let us not forget about the WebP format. WebP formatted images are on average 26% smaller than PNG formatted images and 25-34% smaller than JPEG formatted images. This means just converting your images to WebP can decrease the size of your pages by about 25%. However, WebP formatted images are not accepted by every browser, which is where the attribute becomes useful in the element, for example:

As we already know, the will only be used if the condition is true, which means in our example above WebP images will be used where accepted, PNG images will be used where WebP images are not accepted, and if all else fails the element will be used. The class applied to the image used in the element will be pulled from attribute in the element.

Usage

By default every local is required (). You may need to specify loaders for images in your configuration (recommended or ).

Also every > is converted to statements. For example

<imgsrc="image.jpg"srcset="image.jpg 1x, image@2x.jpg 2x">

is converted to

"<img src=\""+require("./image.jpg")+"\" srcset=\""+require("./image.jpg")+" 1x, "+require("./image@2x.jpg")+" 2x \">"

You can specify which tag-attribute combination should be processed by this loader via the query parameter . Pass an array or a space-separated list of combinations. (Default: ). The srcset-specific qualifiers such as or are supported in any processed attribute.

If you use , and lots of them make use of a attribute, you don’t have to specify each combination : just specify an empty tag like and it will match every element.

{  test\.(html)$,  use{    loader'html-loader-srcset',    options{      attrs':data-src'}}}

To completely disable tag-attribute processing (for instance, if you’re handling image loading on the client side) you can pass in .

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Images

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Fullscreen VideoModal BoxesDelete ModalTimelineScroll IndicatorProgress BarsSkill BarRange SlidersTooltipsDisplay Element HoverPopupsCollapsibleCalendarHTML IncludesTo Do ListLoadersStar RatingUser RatingOverlay EffectContact ChipsCardsFlip CardProfile CardProduct CardAlertsCalloutNotesLabelsCirclesStyle HRCouponList GroupList Without BulletsResponsive TextCutout TextGlowing TextFixed FooterSticky ElementEqual HeightClearfixResponsive FloatsSnackbarFullscreen WindowScroll DrawingSmooth ScrollGradient Bg ScrollSticky HeaderShrink Header on ScrollPricing TableParallaxAspect RatioResponsive IframesToggle Like/DislikeToggle Hide/ShowToggle Dark ModeToggle TextToggle ClassAdd ClassRemove ClassActive ClassTree ViewRemove PropertyOffline DetectionFind Hidden ElementRedirect WebpageZoom HoverFlip BoxCenter VerticallyCenter Button in DIVTransition on HoverArrowsShapesDownload LinkFull Height ElementBrowser WindowCustom ScrollbarHide ScrollbarDevice LookContenteditable BorderPlaceholder ColorText Selection ColorBullet ColorVertical LineDividersAnimate IconsCountdown TimerTypewriterComing Soon PageChat MessagesPopup Chat WindowSplit ScreenTestimonialsSection CounterQuotes SlideshowClosable List ItemsTypical Device BreakpointsDraggable HTML ElementJS Media QueriesSyntax HighlighterJS AnimationsGet Iframe Elements

How To Create a Full Height Image

Use a container element and add a background image to the container with . Tip: Use 50% to create a half page background image. Then use the following background properties to center and scale the image perfectly:

Note: To make sure that the image covers the whole screen, you must also apply to both <html> and <body>:

body, html {  height: 100%;}.bg {   /* The image used */  background-image: url(«img_girl.jpg»);  /* Full height */  height: 100%;   /* Center and scale the image nicely */  background-position: center;  background-repeat: no-repeat;  background-size: cover;}

Half page background image:

Images

SlideshowSlideshow GalleryModal ImagesLightboxResponsive Image GridImage GridTab GalleryImage Overlay FadeImage Overlay SlideImage Overlay ZoomImage Overlay TitleImage Overlay IconImage EffectsBlack and White ImageImage TextImage Text BlocksTransparent Image TextFull Page ImageForm on ImageHero ImageBlur Background ImageChange Bg on ScrollSide-by-Side ImagesRounded ImagesAvatar ImagesResponsive ImagesCenter ImagesThumbnailsBorder Around ImageMeet the TeamSticky ImageFlip an ImageShake an ImagePortfolio GalleryPortfolio with FilteringImage ZoomImage Magnifier GlassImage Comparison Slider

Images

SlideshowSlideshow GalleryModal ImagesLightboxResponsive Image GridImage GridTab GalleryImage Overlay FadeImage Overlay SlideImage Overlay ZoomImage Overlay TitleImage Overlay IconImage EffectsBlack and White ImageImage TextImage Text BlocksTransparent Image TextFull Page ImageForm on ImageHero ImageBlur Background ImageChange Bg on ScrollSide-by-Side ImagesRounded ImagesAvatar ImagesResponsive ImagesCenter ImagesThumbnailsBorder Around ImageMeet the TeamSticky ImageFlip an ImageShake an ImagePortfolio GalleryPortfolio with FilteringImage ZoomImage Magnifier GlassImage Comparison Slider

Menus

Icon BarMenu IconAccordionTabsVertical TabsTab HeadersFull Page TabsHover TabsTop NavigationResponsive TopnavNavbar with IconsSearch MenuSearch BarFixed SidebarSide NavigationResponsive SidebarFullscreen NavigationOff-Canvas MenuHover Sidenav ButtonsSidebar with IconsHorizontal Scroll MenuVertical MenuBottom NavigationResponsive Bottom NavBottom Border Nav LinksRight Aligned Menu LinksCentered Menu LinkEqual Width Menu LinksFixed MenuSlide Down Bar on ScrollHide Navbar on ScrollShrink Navbar on ScrollSticky NavbarNavbar on ImageHover DropdownsClick DropdownsDropdown in TopnavDropdown in SidenavResp Navbar DropdownSubnavigation MenuDropupMega MenuMobile MenuCurtain MenuCollapsed SidebarCollapsed SidepanelPaginationBreadcrumbsButton GroupVertical Button GroupSticky Social BarPill NavigationResponsive Header

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Fullscreen VideoModal BoxesDelete ModalTimelineScroll IndicatorProgress BarsSkill BarRange SlidersTooltipsDisplay Element HoverPopupsCollapsibleCalendarHTML IncludesTo Do ListLoadersStar RatingUser RatingOverlay EffectContact ChipsCardsFlip CardProfile CardProduct CardAlertsCalloutNotesLabelsCirclesStyle HRCouponList GroupList Without BulletsResponsive TextCutout TextGlowing TextFixed FooterSticky ElementEqual HeightClearfixResponsive FloatsSnackbarFullscreen WindowScroll DrawingSmooth ScrollGradient Bg ScrollSticky HeaderShrink Header on ScrollPricing TableParallaxAspect RatioResponsive IframesToggle Like/DislikeToggle Hide/ShowToggle Dark ModeToggle TextToggle ClassAdd ClassRemove ClassActive ClassTree ViewRemove PropertyOffline DetectionFind Hidden ElementRedirect WebpageZoom HoverFlip BoxCenter VerticallyCenter Button in DIVTransition on HoverArrowsShapesDownload LinkFull Height ElementBrowser WindowCustom ScrollbarHide ScrollbarDevice LookContenteditable BorderPlaceholder ColorText Selection ColorBullet ColorVertical LineDividersAnimate IconsCountdown TimerTypewriterComing Soon PageChat MessagesPopup Chat WindowSplit ScreenTestimonialsSection CounterQuotes SlideshowClosable List ItemsTypical Device BreakpointsDraggable HTML ElementJS Media QueriesSyntax HighlighterJS AnimationsGet Iframe Elements

Sticky Image

Example

img.sticky {  position: -webkit-sticky; /* Safari */  position: sticky;  top: 0;}

An element with is positioned based on the user’s scroll position.

A sticky element toggles between and , depending on the scroll position. It is positioned relative until a given offset position is met in the viewport — then it «sticks» in place (like position:fixed).

Note: Internet Explorer, Edge 15 and earlier versions do not support sticky positioning. Safari requires a -webkit- prefix (see example below). You must also specify at least one of , , or for sticky positioning to work.

To learn more about CSS positoning, read our CSS Position tutorial.

To learn more about how to style images, read our CSS Images tutorial.

Why are responsive images important?

The reason responsive images are so important all comes down to file sizes. On smaller devices, there is no reason to download an image that is 1460 x 730 pixels. It is a waste of bandwidth and resources. How much of a waste? We can take a look at the image sizes we used in the examples above, for example:

File Name Size
responsive-images.jpg 30.7 KB
responsive-images-lg.jpg 24.1 KB
responsive-images-md.jpg 19.7 KB
responsive-images-sm.jpg 10.6 KB

If a small device, such as a phone, has a display size of 375 pixels, serving the scaled image would be 10.6 KB. If we compare that to the original unscaled image (which CSS would have to scale down) at 30.7 KB, that is a decrease of 65.47%! This will vary depending on whether or not pixel density descriptors are used, however, serving scaled images will always reduce the overall page weight.

With more complex and higher resolution images you would likely have an even higher decrease. Furthermore, over time this can save quite a bit of bandwidth from your hosting or CDN provider, which in turn saves you money.

W3.CSS

W3.CSS is a modern CSS framework with support for desktop, tablet, and mobile design by default.

W3.CSS is smaller and faster than similar CSS frameworks.

W3.CSS is designed to be a high quality alternative to Bootstrap.

W3.CSS is designed to be independent of jQuery or any other JavaScript library.

London

London is the capital city of England.

It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom, with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants.

Paris

Paris is the capital of France.

The Paris area is one of the largest population centers in Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants.

Tokyo

Tokyo is the capital of Japan.

It is the center of the Greater Tokyo Area, and the most populous metropolitan area in the world.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html><html><meta name=»viewport» content=»width=device-width, initial-scale=1″><link rel=»stylesheet» href=»https://www.w3schools.com/w3css/4/w3.css»><body><div class=»w3-container w3-green»>  <h1>W3Schools Demo</h1>   <p>Resize this responsive page!</p> </div><div class=»w3-row-padding»>  <div class=»w3-third»>    <h2>London</h2>    <p>London is the capital city of England.</p>    <p>It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom,    with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants.</p>  </div>  <div class=»w3-third»>    <h2>Paris</h2>    <p>Paris is the capital of France.</p>     <p>The Paris area is one of the largest population centers in Europe,    with more than 12 million inhabitants.</p>  </div>  <div class=»w3-third»>    <h2>Tokyo</h2>    <p>Tokyo is the capital of Japan.</p>    <p>It is the center of the Greater Tokyo Area,    and the most populous metropolitan area in the world.</p>  </div></div></body> </html>

To learn more about W3.CSS, read our W3.CSS Tutorial.

Example


<!DOCTYPE html><html lang=»en»><head><title>Bootstrap Example</title><meta charset=»utf-8″><meta name=»viewport» content=»width=device-width, initial-scale=1″><link rel=»stylesheet» href=»https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css»> <script src=»https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.5.1/jquery.min.js»></script> <script src=»https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js»></script> </head><body><div class=»container»>  <div class=»jumbotron»>    <h1>My First Bootstrap Page</h1>  </div>  <div class=»row»>    <div class=»col-sm-4″>      …    </div>    <div class=»col-sm-4″>      …    </div>    <div class=»col-sm-4″>    …    </div>  </div></div></body></html>

To learn more about Bootstrap, go to our Bootstrap Tutorial.

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Results of an image loaded with srcset-loader

An image imported with the returns an Object which contains the following properties:

This property contains the string to use as the value of ‘s (i.e. ).

e.g.

importimagefrom'./image.jpeg?sizes=200w+800w';

Note: This key is not available if is specified in either the Loader options or the resource query.

The object is a map where the keys are the requested sizes of the image and the values are the URLs to those images.

e.g.

importimagefrom'./image.jpeg?sizes=200w+800w';

Only available if the option is present in either the loader configuration or the resource query.

This will generate an object with these keys:

  • :
    • if the option is present, a tiny version of the image, encoded in base64.
    • otherwise, that tiny image but wrapped inside a SVG which applies a blur filter on the image.
  • : an array containing the rgba color representing the most ubiquitous color of the image.
  • : the width to height ratio of the image.

e.g.

importimagefrom'./image.jpeg?sizes=200w+800w&placeholder';

check the placeholder example for a possible use case.

Note: You can use on its own, without specifying .

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Fullscreen VideoModal BoxesDelete ModalTimelineScroll IndicatorProgress BarsSkill BarRange SlidersTooltipsDisplay Element HoverPopupsCollapsibleCalendarHTML IncludesTo Do ListLoadersStar RatingUser RatingOverlay EffectContact ChipsCardsFlip CardProfile CardProduct CardAlertsCalloutNotesLabelsCirclesStyle HRCouponList GroupList Without BulletsResponsive TextCutout TextGlowing TextFixed FooterSticky ElementEqual HeightClearfixResponsive FloatsSnackbarFullscreen WindowScroll DrawingSmooth ScrollGradient Bg ScrollSticky HeaderShrink Header on ScrollPricing TableParallaxAspect RatioResponsive IframesToggle Like/DislikeToggle Hide/ShowToggle Dark ModeToggle TextToggle ClassAdd ClassRemove ClassActive ClassTree ViewRemove PropertyOffline DetectionFind Hidden ElementRedirect WebpageZoom HoverFlip BoxCenter VerticallyCenter Button in DIVTransition on HoverArrowsShapesDownload LinkFull Height ElementBrowser WindowCustom ScrollbarHide ScrollbarDevice LookContenteditable BorderPlaceholder ColorText Selection ColorBullet ColorVertical LineDividersAnimate IconsCountdown TimerTypewriterComing Soon PageChat MessagesPopup Chat WindowSplit ScreenTestimonialsSection CounterQuotes SlideshowClosable List ItemsTypical Device BreakpointsDraggable HTML ElementJS Media QueriesSyntax HighlighterJS AnimationsGet Iframe Elements

How To Add a Form to an Image

Step 1) Add HTML:
Step 2) Add CSS:

body, html {  height: 100%;}* {  box-sizing: border-box;}.bg-img {  /* The image used */  background-image: url(«img_nature.jpg»);  /* Control the height of the image */  min-height: 380px;  /* Center and scale the image nicely */  background-position: center;  background-repeat: no-repeat;  background-size: cover;  position: relative;}/* Add styles to the form container */ .container {  position: absolute;  right: 0;  margin: 20px;  max-width: 300px;  padding: 16px;  background-color: white;}/* Full-width input fields */  input, input {  width: 100%;  padding: 15px;  margin: 5px 0 22px 0;  border: none;  background: #f1f1f1;}input:focus, input:focus {  background-color: #ddd;  outline: none;}/* Set a style for the submit button */.btn {  background-color: #4CAF50;  color: white;  padding: 16px 20px;  border: none;  cursor: pointer;  width: 100%;  opacity: 0.9;}.btn:hover {  opacity: 1;}

More Hands-on with Web Development

This article is part of the web development series from Microsoft tech evangelists on practical JavaScript learning, open source projects, and interoperability best practices including Microsoft Edge browser and the new EdgeHTML rendering engine.

We encourage you to test across browsers and devices including Microsoft Edge – the default browser for Windows 10 – with free tools on dev.modern.IE:

  • Scan your site for out-of-date libraries, layout issues, and accessibility
  • Use virtual machines for Mac, Linux, and Windows
  • Remotely test for Microsoft Edge on your own device
  • Coding Lab on GitHub: Cross-browser testing and best practices

In-depth tech learning on Microsoft Edge and the Web Platform from our engineers and evangelists:

  • Microsoft Edge Web Summit 2015 (what to expect with the new browser, new supported web platform standards, and guest speakers from the JavaScript community)
  • Woah, I can test Edge & IE on a Mac & Linux! (from Rey Bango)
  • Advancing JavaScript without Breaking the Web (from Christian Heilmann)
  • The Edge Rendering Engine that makes the Web just work (from Jacob Rossi)
  • Unleash 3D rendering with WebGL (from David Catuhe including the vorlon.JS and babylonJS projects)
  • Hosted web apps and web platform innovations (from Kevin Hill and Kiril Seksenov including the manifold.JS project)

More free cross-platform tools & resources for the Web Platform:

  • Visual Studio Code for Linux, MacOS, and Windows
  • Code with node.JS and free trial on Azure

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